Self-supervised Domain Adaptive Segmentation of Breast Cancer Via Test-time Fine-Tuning


Unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) has become increasingly popular in imaging-based diagnosis due to the challenge of labeling a large number of datasets in target domains. Without labeled data, well-trained deep learning models in a source domain may not perform well when applied to a target domain. UDA allows for the use of large-scale datasets from various domains for model deployment, but it can face difficulties in performing adaptive feature extraction when dealing with unlabeled data in an unseen target domain. To address this, we propose an advanced test-time fine-tuning UDA framework designed to better utilize the latent features of datasets in the unseen target domain by fine-tuning the model itself during diagnosis. Our proposed framework is based on an auto-encoder-based network architecture that fine-tunes the model itself. This allows our framework to learn knowledge specific to the unseen target domain during the fine-tuning phase. In order to further optimize our framework for the unseen target domain, we introduce a re-initialization module that injects randomness into network parameters. This helps the framework to converge to a local minimum that is better-suited for the target domain, allowing for improved performance in domain adaptation tasks. To evaluate our framework, we carried out experiments on UDA segmentation tasks using breast cancer datasets acquired from multiple domains. Our experimental results demonstrated that our framework achieved state-of-the-art performance, outperforming other competing UDA models, in segmenting breast cancer on ultrasound images from an unseen domain, which supports its clinical potential for improving breast cancer diagnosis.

International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention

연합학습 및 표현 학습을 사용한 medical 도메인에서의 딥 러닝 기법, 도메인 적응 및 테스트 타임 학습과 같은 딥 러닝 기반 컴퓨터 비전 응용, 이미지 처리 및 이미지-텍스트 캡셔닝을 포함한 의료 응용의 딥 러닝 기반 진단 등을 포함합니다.